Kingship and Tragedy (1660-1715)

After almost ten years of exile on the Continent and eight weeks before his arrival at Whitehall in May 1660, Charles Stuart was proclaimed king in London. This proclamation was constitutionally unnecessary as Charles had already assumed lawful royal dignity since 1649. Back in those tumultuous days, despite the parliamentary prohibition against the proclamation of any successor (January 30, 1649) and an additional act that abolished the monarchy (March 23, 1649), Royalists held that, since those acts had been pronounced by the Rump Parliament (therefore not by the whole House), ‘law and precedent’ were on the side of King Charles II. Such early justification of Charles’s ‘right to be king’ would be the basis for the Restoration of monarchy which stood as the vindication of hereditary right against the illegitimacy not only of the failed experiment of a ‘commonwealth without a king’ but also of any alteration of the image of an hereditary crown. On May 8, 1660 the Convention Parliament ‘invited’ the King’s return: Resolved, &c. Nemine contradicente, That the King’s Majesty be desired to make his speedy Return to his Parliament, and to the Exercise of his Kingly Office . In 1660 one of the most controversial matters at stake was the double interpretation of the Restoration itself that saw either Parliament calling back the King or Charles conquering his way to the throne. In the Declaration of Breda, issued on April 4, 1660, Charles had in his turn referred to the «the Possession of that Right [the crown], which God and Nature [blood] hath made Our due» , an ambiguity that opened the door to compromise, formally solved by the Convention’s pronouncement which gave statutory force to the proclamation of Charles Stuart as Charles II

di Lisanna  Calvi

Lisanna Calvi è ricercatore di Letteratura Inglese presso il Dipartimento di Lingue e Letterature Straniere dell’Università degli Studi di Verona dal 2006. Ha studiato presso la Northwestern University (USA) e l’Università di Verona, dove si è laureata nel 1998. Ha ottenuto il dottorato di ricerca in Anglistica presso l’Università “Ca’ Foscari” di Venezia sotto la guida di Sergio Perosa (2004).

Kingship and Tragedy (1660-1715)

Caratteristiche Tipografiche

Pagine 210
Formato 16x23
Rilegatura Cucita
   

Edizione Italiana

Ultima Edizione Stampa  2005
Anno 2005
ISBN 88-89480-05-X